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【砥砺奋进的五年】永定:城乡居民持续增收

原创作者:刘琦 来源:永定新闻网 编辑:吴丽仙 2017-10-10 10:13

加快推进高技术制造业企业、先进制造业企业在中小企业板、创业板、全国中小企业股份转让系统和区域性股权交易市场上市或挂牌融资,充实中长期资本实力。(安全保障相关法)具有十分重大的意义。MoreChineseoverseasstudentsarereturning,butfirmssayfindingsuitablestaffischallengingSince1978,about80percentofChineseoverseasstudentshavereturnedtoChinaafterfinishingtheirstudies,officialdatasaid.AccordingtodatafromtheChineseServiceCenterforScholarlyExchange(CSCSE),apublicorganizationundertheMinistryofEducation(MOE),from1978(theyearreformandopening-upbegan)to2015,about4millionChinesepeoplestudiedabroad.Asofnow,around1.26millionofthemarestilldoingresearchorstudyingabroad,andofthe2.77millionthathavefinishedtheirstudiesaround2.2millionhavereturnedtoChina.ManyofthestudentswhoreturnedcitedeithertheirjobprospectsinChinaorfamilyconcernsasreasonsfortheirreturn.Liu,whohasamaster'sdegreefromtheUniversityofEdinburgh,toldtheGlobalTimesthat"MyfamilyandmygirlfriendareallinChina.Actually,IamfullycapableofstayingintheUKorgoingtotheU.S.tostartmycareerbutIfoundChinahasmorepotential,andanotherreasonisthatChinaissaferthantheWest.""MyparentswerereallyworriedwhenIwenttoParislastmonth,becausetheyknowthatduetothemigrantcrisis,Europeisnotverysafe,butinBeijing,theydon'tcheckwithmeeveryday.AftertheattackinLondonlastweek,theysaidImadetherightdecision(ingoingbacktoChina),"headded.ThemajorityofperpetratorsintherecentterrorattacksinFrance,Belgium,GermanyandtheUKwereeitherbornorraisedinEurope,notrecentmigrants.KhalidMasood,thecriminalbehindtheLondonattack,wasborninEngland.Fang,whohasadoctoraldegreefromNewYorkUniversitysaidapartfromopportunityandfamily,akeyreasonforhisreturnisthat"Chinahasgoodpoliciesforreturnedoverseasstudents,forinstance,peoplelikemeareabletobecomepermanentresidentsofcitieslikeBeijing,ShanghaiandGuangzhou,andthisisanattractiveprivilege."Permanentresidentscanbuyhouses,getlicenseplatesandaccesspubliceducationresources.CompetitiveenvironmentWhiletoday'sreturneesbringfreshideasandskillsintoChina,astheyhavedonefordecades,thejobmarketencounterismorecompetitivethanitwasfortheirpredecessors."Inthepast,returnedoverseastalentsrepresented'highly-educated'and'high-income,'buttoday,returnedoverseasstudentsarefindingitincreasinglydifficulttogetagoodjob,"accordingtotheBluePaperoftheEmploymentSituationofChineseReturnedOverseasTalents2016,publishedbytheCSCSEinJanuary.Thepaperaddedthatthemainobstaclesincludereturnees'limitedrangeinmajors,sincemanyholdsimilarqualifications,andtheirlackofknowledgeaboutthefast-changingdomesticsituation.OnSaturday,theCSCSEhelditsSpringJobFairforReturnedOverseasTalentsinBeijing.About2,400returneesand136companiesorinstitutesparticipated.ANestléChinaHRworkersurnamedZhaowhoattendedthefairsaid"Weareaforeigncompany,soEnglishisabasicskillwerequire,andreturnedoverseasstudentsareanidealcommunityforustorecruitfrom."AnHRmanagerfromtheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS)toldtheGlobalTimesthat"academicinstitutionslikeusprefertalentswithdoctorates,butinthisfair,wefoundtheymostlyhadmaster'sdegrees."TheCASSHRalsosaid"wecanofferverygoodconditionstotalentswithdoctorates,butsofar,wehaveonlyreceivedthreeCVsthatareworthfurtherconsideration.""IhopetheCSCSEcanorganizeafairthatonlyfocusesonPhDs,sothatinstitutionslikeuscanfindtherightpeoplemoreeasily,"headded.AnanonymousHRmanagerfromCanonChinasaid"Wewantpeoplewhounderstandthetechnologyofphotography,butunfortunately,sofarIdidn'tseetoomanygraduateswhohavestudiedtherelevantmajors."AccordingtotheCSCSEbluepaper,about80percentofreturneeshavemaster'sdegreesfromabroad.Theirmajorsaremostlythoserelatedtobusinessstudies,economics,finance,managementandsimilarsubjects.BetterserviceQiMo,theheadofthereturneebureau(responsibleforservingreturnedoverseaspersonnel)attheCSCSE,toldtheGlobalTimesthat"AmongChinesereturnedoverseaspersonnel,peoplewithdoctoraldegreesonlyaccountfor10percent,soifweorganizeafairthatonlyincludesdoctoraldegrees,thescaleandeffectwouldbeverylimited.""Inordertocreatebettercareerprospectsfortheirstudents,someU.S.universitiesarecommunicatingwithus.TheywantustoorganizeinternshipsfortheirChinesestudentsatsomefamousChineseenterprises,buttheproblemisthattheyareonlyinterestedinenterpriseslikeAlibabaandBaidu,andignoreotherChinesecompanieswhicharealsooutstanding.SoweneedtohelpthembetterunderstandChina,"oneCSCSEsourcenoted.  27000美元买俩哈密瓜揭秘日本"奢侈水果"文化$27,000melonsUnwrappingthehighpriceofJapan'sluxuryfruithabitItlookslikeajewelryshopwithitshigh-endexterior.ButapeekinsidethesparklingglassdisplaycasesatanyofSembikiya'sTokyooutletsrevealsexpensivetreasuresofasurprisingkind.东京千疋屋水果行店面高档,看起来像是珠宝行.但是透过任意一家千疋屋闪闪发亮的玻璃橱窗,你看到的都是意料之外的珍品.Fromheart-shapedwatermelonsto"RubyRoman"grapes,whicharethesizeofapingpongball,thisretailerspecializesinsellingmouth-wateringproduceateye-wateringprices.从心形西瓜到乒乓球大小的"罗马红宝石"葡萄,这家零售店专门销售口感美味但贵到离谱的农产品.Expensive,carefully-cultivatedfruit,however,isnotuniquetoSembikiya'sstores.不过,这样价格昂贵、精心培育的水果并非是千疋屋水果行独有的.AcrossJapan,suchproductsregularlysellfortensofthousandsofdollarsatauction.In2016,apairofpremiumHokkaidocantaloupesoldforarecord$27,240(3millionyen).在日本各地,此类农产品经常在拍卖会上以数万美元的价格卖出.2016年,一对优质的北海道哈密瓜售价创下了27240美元(约合人民币18.7万元)的纪录.这些水果不仅在日本本土受到追捧,近年来已经远销世界各地.比如,香港连锁超市超生活在今年情人节就推出了单价约150元人民币一颗的"天价草莓".再比如,在莫斯科一家连锁商店内,由日本培育的方形西瓜的价格高达860美元(约合人民币5300元),是普通西瓜价格的300倍."FruitsaretreateddifferentlyinAsiancultureandinJapanesesocietyespecially,"SoyeonShim,deanoftheSchoolofHumanEcologyattheUniversityofWisconsin-Madison,tellsCNN."Fruitpurchaseandconsumptionaretiedtosocialandculturalpractices.威斯康辛麦迪逊大学人类生态学院院长沈素妍告诉CNN,"在亚洲文化中,特别是日本社会,水果是受到特殊对待的.购买和消费水果与社会文化风俗相关.""Itisnotonlyanimportantpartoftheirdiet,but,perhapsmoreimportantly,fruitisconsideredaluxuryitemandplaysanimportantandelaborateritualpartinJapan'sextensivegift-givingpractices.""这不仅仅是日本人饮食的重要组成部分,或许更重要的是,水果被视为奢侈品,在日本普遍存在的送礼习俗中是一种重要且考究的礼节."Cultivatinghigh-endproduceusuallyinvolvesmeticulous,labor-intensivepracticesdevelopedbyJapanesefarmers.日本果农通常要花费大量时间、精心照料才能培育出这些高端农产品."It'shardgettingtheshapeofthesestrawberriesright-theycansometimesturnoutlikeglobes,"saysOkudaNichio,ofhishighly-prizedBijin-hime(beautifulprincess)strawberries,whichhetriestogrow"scoop-shaped".OkudaNichio种植的美姬草莓备受赞誉,他试图把这种草莓培育成"勺形".他说:"要想获得这种形状的草莓非常难——有时候它们会变成球形."

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坚守300多年的阿拉伯后裔制香人3月29日,蒲氏永春香传承人蒲良宫在对制香的原材料进行嗅闻甄别。当地华文媒体指部分法媒报道失实而这一次,法国华人群体对警方击毙一名中国公民的愤怒,不仅来自对巴黎警方过度执法的质疑,也有对法国媒体选择性报道的不满。

永定新闻网讯(刘琦)近五年来,龙岩市永定区认真贯彻落实中央各项扶持优惠政策及各项增资政策,积极推动产业发展,全力促进经济稳步向好发展,民生状况持续改善,城乡居民收入持续增长,生活条件持续改善,幸福指数不断提升。

城乡居民人均可支配收入持续增加。2016年下半年,国家出台增资政策,机关事业单位基本工资普遍提高;同时,离退休人员待遇从年初开始提高,促进城镇居民收入增加。2016年,永定区城镇居民人均可支配收入32138元,比2012年增加10078元,年均增长9.8%。其中,人均工薪收入20383元;人均经营净收入5643元;人均财产净收入5102元;人均转移净收入1010元。近年来,农民增收支撑点多,2016年生猪销售均价每公斤18.57元,比上年提高25.1%;下半年,农民基本养老金由每月110元提高至125元。脱贫攻坚深入推进,挂钩贫困户每户享受1000元生产生活扶持资金。由于增收有亮点,2016年,永定区农村居民人均可支配收入15352元,比2012年增加6704元,年均增长10.4%。其中,人均工资性收入5866元;人均经营净收入7768元;人均财产净收入75元;人均转移净收入1640元。农村居民可支配收入年均增速快于城镇居民可支配收入0.6个百分点,城乡收入倍差由2012年2.18倍缩小为2.09倍。

城乡居民消费结构日趋优化。2016年,永定区城镇居民人均消费支出21037元,比2012年增加5457元,年均增长7.8%;城镇居民恩格尔系数由2012年的42.7%下降到2016年的34.6%,下降了个8.1百分点。八大类消费支出增多降少。其中,人均食品支出7280元;人均居住支出5547元;人均娱乐教育文化服务支出2632元;人均交通与通信支出1962元;人均衣着支出1291元;人均家庭设备及服务支出1146元;人均医疗保健支出820元;人均杂项商品及服务支出358元。2016年,永定区农村居民人均消费支出10864元,比2012年增加3883元,年均增长11.7%;农村居民恩格尔系数由2012年的47.8%下降到2016年的40.1%,下降了7.7个百分点。八大类消费支出全面增长。其中,人均食品支出4356元;人均居住支出2707元;人均医疗保健支出1198元;人均生活用品及服务支出675元;人均衣着支出597元;人均教育文化娱乐支出576元;人均交通通信消费支出543元;人均其它用品及服务支出211元。

城乡居民生活条件持续改善。2016年,永定区每百户城镇居民拥有摩托车118部;彩电193台;洗衣机108台;电冰箱114台;空调116台;微波炉60台;消毒碗柜72台;淋浴热水器119台;家用电脑108台;移动电话268部。人均居住面积61平方。2016年,每百户农村居民拥有摩托车132部;彩电190台;洗衣机76台;电冰箱93台;空调机74台;微波炉60台;热水器96台;抽油烟机40台;家用电脑45台;移动电话289部。人均居住面积61.8平方米。

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